Health

Exploring Varicose Veins To Help You Seek Medical Care

Varicose veins are common medical conditions affecting adults, especially women. It is characterized by enlarged rope-like veins in your lower legs with or without pain. If varicose veins are bothering you for cosmetic reasons, or tend to be painful, then it is time to seek medical help. Treatment for varicose veins depends on the type and the severity of your symptoms.

The vein doctor in South Carolina with several years of experience and expertise in varicose vein treatment, offers several options to relieve symptoms and improve your quality of life.

What are varicose veins?

Varicose veins are swollen, rope-like twisted, dilated, and engorged blood vessels that bulge just under your skin surface. These are bluish-purple or greenish and usually appear on your legs, feet, and ankles. 

What causes varicose veins?

Varicose veins most often develop due to a condition called venous insufficiency. Your veins contain a one-way valve system that enables the blood to flow to the heart. Venous insufficiency occurs when the valves are diseased or damaged and they fail to close. This causes the blood to flow backward and pool in the veins (venous reflux), leading to varicose veins. 

Risk factors:

  • Old age
  • A family history 
  • Being a female
  • Prolonged standing or sitting 
  • Pregnancy
  • Obesity 
  • Heavy weight lifting
  • History of blood clots
  • Tobacco use 

What are the symptoms of varicose veins?

Clinical features associated with varicose veins include:

  • Twisted, swollen rope-like veins
  • A feeling of heaviness in your legs
  • Painful, itchy legs 
  • Swelling in the legs, ankles, and feet
  • Skin discolorations 
  • Ulcers or sores if left untreated

How are varicose veins treated?

Your vein specialist will first review your medical history, perform a physical examination of the affected leg, and order an ultrasound scan to check the blood flow through the affected vein. Extensive treatment is required when conservative methods like rest, and compression stockings fail to provide relief. Options include:

Sclerotherapy

  • This procedure involves injecting solutions to shrink the affected vein. 

Vein ablation 

  • ClosureFast technique involves a catheter that delivers radiofrequency energy to the damaged vein wall.
  • This energy is converted to heat that causes the vein to seal. 

VenaSeal

  • This is an FDA-approved treatment that uses a medical adhesive. 
  • The adhesive is placed directly into the vein with the help of a catheter. 
  • The adhesive immediately shuts the diseased vein. 

Phlebectomy

  • This is a minimally invasive procedure performed through 3 mm incisions, to remove the affected vein. 

Conclusion 

Varicose veins, though common conditions require prompt medical treatment, especially if they cause painful symptoms. If left untreated it can lead to painful ulcers and sores that are challenging to treat. 

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