Using a VPS nowadays is pretty common. Network privacy and VPS go hand in hand with each other. With VPS server price within easy reach of consumers, it is not beyond anyone to have a Virtual Private Server. However, setting a VPS server up can be a little tricky. For instance, you would be interacting with your server through a command-line interface. You will get used to it soon enough. Let us take a look at the simple steps to set up a server.
- Learning to log into VPS through Secure Shell
There are several protocols to interact with a website. You are probably aware of HTTP (HyperText Transmission Protocol) or HTTPS (which sends data in an encrypted form). FTP is also useful as it allows uploading, downloading, and editing files on the website. FTP can be very useful, but it does not allow issuing commands to the server. You will be using Secure Shell (SSH) access. You will need to sign up for website hosting plans. You will get a server IP address, root access, and password. You will need to login to the server with your id and password.
- Updating the server
After you log into VPS, you will be notified of packages or security updates. When using update packages for your servers, you would be much less vulnerable. The first thing you would need to do is take care of updating the packages. You will also improve performance in this way. This process will take some time. Once your packages are up to date, you can restart the server. Once this part is over, you can move on to the next step.
- Creating a user and modifying privileges
You start with the root user while setting up a VPS. You had been using the root account till now. However, you would want to create another account with super user privileges. You would not want to use your web hosting platform with the root privileges all the time. One wrong command can do a lot of damage as root will have complete access to the system settings. A regular user will need to add the “sudo” prefix to run with the administrative privileges.
- Make sure to enable public-key authentication
Using public-key encryption will make your system more secure. While checking your VPS server price, you should also learn about public-key authentication. In this way, you will have two sets of keys. There will be a public key on the server and you would have a private key. The authentication process requires both of these keys to complete the login procedure. You will need both the private key and password to log in, significantly increasing the security.
- Set up a firewall
There is a final step that is all about protecting your server from malicious software. At first, you might think that setting up a firewall is overkill. But, hacking into your server is not a big deal. If you have sensitive data on your server, it would be a necessity. You would be able to stop a lot of attacks on your server.
These are the steps you need to follow in order to set up a Virtual Private Server.